Confucianism: The Resolution to the Warring States Era

From the beginning of 600 B.C.E to 300 B.C.E, China was on the path of destruction and well on its way to recreation. It was between this approximate time periods that admirable philosophers were in the mist of conceiving principles that would fabricate China into its present form. With such chaos being conveyed, there were only few who went amongst the people in hope for a resolution to reconcile the Chinese world. Amongst those who sought to guide their civilization to the image of a utopia was a widely known philosopher named Confucius. He thrived from ca. 551 B.C.E to ca. 479 B.C.E. From his time spent, Confucius gained many followers who were enlightened by his teachings. Confucius commenced teachings of moral philosophy, respecting elders/ancestors and abiding by the government who in return must lead by example. Confucius stressed that he was not attempting to assume government position, nor become a leader; he was simply a philosopher who had higher ambitions of helping rebuild his fallen lands. The teachings of Confucius proved to be more favorable with the project of reconstruction. As people embraced Confucianism as a religion, it begun to help the process of stabilizing. He preached of serving the government and in turn they lead by example meaning, that the people would follow the government and support each decision made while the government would not lead with an iron fist, or try to force upon situations to the people or practice dictatorship. With a trustworthy government who kept in mind the thought of the people, the hostility held would decrease and begin to bring people closer to work together in peace. If the government showed etiquette, honor and held tightly together, so would the Chinese civilization. Another teaching Confucius held highly was respect and family. A husband would tend to his deeds, while the woman would tend to her husband and children. The children would obey and respect mother and father and as a whole, the family would honor elders. With this method in place, no havoc would commence, everyone would stay in their rightful occupation. Confucianism kept the pyramid of social stratification intact. If the people were unhappy with their place in the pyramid, it was their task to bring forth their selves and family to the position they wished to be known for. Containing social stratification kept every simple and complex task tended to. Each person’s work was useful and kept balance in the Chinese civilization. In summation, during the warring states in China, 600 B.C.E to 300 B.C.E, the practice of Confucianism brought together the Chinese civilization with the teachings of respect and honor, the government and the peoples duties and the social pyramid structure, implementing unity and having the greatest influence upon China, making them stronger than once before and sure of not repeating acts of the Warring States Era.

By jacquelynnichele Posted in History

Blog #1: Environment and Ancient Civilizations

The Ancient civilizations in Egypt thrived off of many factors, one of the most important being, the environment. The environment was their way to speak to the Gods, it was their way of living, it was the core to continueing and expanding their Empire. When the sun shinned for many days, and the Egpytians recieved an admirable amount of rain, they knew that all their deeds were acceptable, along with the Pharaohs judgement, and the Gods were pleased. Yet if they recieved a flood, desert strom or any other form of natural disaster that would degrate their civilization, they knew the Gods were unsatisfied. It was the way of thinking the Egyptians possessed that held the way the environment reacted on a high pedistal. They would pray daily to many Gods, for different reasons, making the Egyptians polytheistic. The Egyptians followed the words of the Pharaoh, a man or woman of absolute power, said to be sent from the Gods as a representation of them, in hope to see improvement with the Empire and the growth of crops, prosperity and humanity. The Nile served as a main resource of Egypt. The Nile helped the crops grow from the vast amount of moisture and nutrition it brought to the plants, making food for the Empire. The Nile also destroyed the crops, along with the monstrous heat the sun brought that sometimes dried the crops. This environmental effect was a great distress to Egyptians, yet all they could do is look to the Pharaoh and pray. The Pharaoh, being the ruler and messenger, created laws, such as taxes, the creation of temples, and consequences of unlawful actions, that were applied and carried throughout time to ensure that the mistakes made before would not reoccur and cause distruction to Egypt. The Egyptians grew to a customation, that would certify compensation. As long as the abided by such regulations, Egypt would see many affluent days from the Gods. They would advance from the environment and extend the Empire.

By jacquelynnichele Posted in History

“Ancient Egyptian Creation Myth” Blog

When reading “Ancient Egyptian Creation Myth”, I was not at all surprised of the occurring events, nor the outcome of entire situation. It seems as if, in each Egyptian myth I have read, there are five key points that occur; jealously, betrayal, murder, battle, and the rightful place of the throne taken. The Egyptians have made a name for their selves. They are not only known for their pyramids and jewels, but also for their greed and wanting to have power. To encounter a royal family that has not tore one-another down would be a very rare occasion. They thirst for the attention, the adornment and the right to do, say or have whatever they please without question. It seems to be ludicrous that the ones who have all the power as a whole, who has wealth by birth right and everything else they desire are so corrupt. These characters fail to realize though, that as easy as it was for them to take their place upon the throne, it’ll be even easier for someone else to take their place. One thing I’ve learn about the Egyptian civilization, is that you are unable to trust anyone; not your servants, “loyal” subjects, friends, neither your own flesh and blood. The Gods play a major role with the Egyptian civilization. They are the judges of all, and their words are not over powered by no-one. Yet, to be “all knowing” Gods and wanting the best for their people, it seems that the Gods are blinded by their own judgment. For so many years, within the royal family, there is nothing but blood slaughtered between one-another, lies and deceit, which the Gods are usually known to frown upon. Yet, they do nothing of it, and let the pattern of the royal families downfall continues. Possibly for their amusement, or for unknown reasons, regardless, Ancient Egyptian civilization will always be corrupt.

By jacquelynnichele Posted in English